Maternal health refers to the health of a woman during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period as defined by the World Health organization (WHO)
‘’Maternal’’ in health context can be explained as the state of being pregnant, in order words the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus.
With regards to maternal health, it is of great significant for the mother to be in good health condition, both physical and psychological since the mother is the source to good health to her child and in totality the family as a whole.
The following steps will reveal the main reasons why a mother is a significant factor when it comes good health, decision making and general social well being of the family.
This topic discussion will be covered under four main headings:
- Healthy child needs a healthy mother
- Maternal death (mortality)
- Cognitive and Physical Developing of infants and children are major concern
- Pre and post diseases associated with Life births
#1. Healthy child needs a healthy mother
Maternal health plays a significant role in the life of children. The health of a child is largely affected by health of the mother. According to United International Nations Children’s Emergency Fund, (UNICEF).
The happiness of a child depends on the health status of the mother says one pediatrician. If a mother is not well can she offer a responsibility of maintaining her child health status?
The quality and health of a child can be fundamentally ensured by the mother and it is one of the reasons why a mother needs to be well and fit in both physically and mentally.
Women play a tremendous role in the family when it comes to decision making according to World Health Organization (WHO).
A survey conducted in sub Saharan Africa in 2015 shows that 80% of women make decisions of their own well being and health care and 20% make healthcare decision for others. Hence it becomes a necessity as a woman to maintain a healthy life style so as to have a positive impact for the entire family.
#2. Maternal Death (mortality)
Mortality refers to the ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area, expressed per 1000 per year. It can also be referred to death rate or fatality rate. Maternal death rates continues to remain rising within the couple of years back, and many health organizations through other mediums are trying to bring the situation under control.
According to United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) figures, a woman dies from complications during childbirth every minutes-about 530,000 a year and most of these casualties occur in the developing countries.
The likelihood of a woman dying in a developing country is about 36 times higher compared with a woman living in a developed country.
Developing countries like Sierra Leon records a mortality rate of 1,360 per 100, 000 births as described by the World Bank Data. And in Brazil, maternal mortality is 44 cases per 100, 000 live births.
Although there are significant decrease of maternal death in these regions, hardly can they achieve the millennium development goal (MDG), of the United Nations-UN, to 35 deaths per 100,000 births.
The lack of skilled personnel’s, lack of trained specialists, prohibition of abortion, high rate of cesarean sections are factors leading to a low observable change.
According to UNFPA- United Nations Populations Fund, most of these health implications can be brought under control or avoided, especially in access and guidance to the care of women not only during pregnancy and delivery, but throughout life and to achieve this, there is the need for policy makers and high opinion leaders at international, national and regional levels in collaboration with both communities and families join forces to identify and address the consequences, seeking to ensure the health of mothers.
Infants and children may be influence by the health of their mother –during pregnancy, the life style and precautions taken by the mother accounts for about 80-90 % of the better development of the fetus.
Obeying doctor’s instruction concerning prescribed medication consumption such as folic acid before and during pregnancy can reduce the risk for neural tube defects.
Breast milk is one of the natural source of complete nutrition for most infants, with varieties of benefits for the health, immunity, growth and development.
In addition, children raised in healthy free from maltreatment and other torturing experiences are more likely to have better outcomes as adults.
#4. Pre and post diseases associated with Life births
Maternal health is a major concern in the prevention and reduction of pre and post diseases associated with life births. Oh yes the health of the mother is a major concern when it comes health status of a child in the developmental stage in pregnancy and after birth.
There are various diseases conditions that are associated with life birth as a result of poor preservation of the mother’s lifestyle during pregnancy and afterwards, and are likely to give results to diseases such as Autism – ( a disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and non-verbal communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior) and Cretinism-( severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting) and these are as a result of poor mental development or deterioration of mental faculty.
Maternal health is a major concern in the prevention and reduction of pre and post diseases associated with life births.
Oh yes the health of the mother is a major concern when it comes health status of a child in the developmental stage in pregnancy and after birth.
These are challenging factors affecting the life birth of babies and consequently affecting the mental health of mother as a result of the underlying condition and it calls for the need for mothers to know the right precautions required of them so as to produce a well forfeiting babies for the benefits and betterment of the society and the nation as a whole.
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